Machinery Directive, 2006/42/EC

Machinery directive, 2006/42/EC, defines Machine as

Under the new Machinery Directive, 2006/42/EC, the definition of “machine” includes the original definition as

  • “An assembly of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves through some type of actuator, with associated power and control circuits, joined together for a specific purpose in the processing, treatment, moving, or packaging of a material.”

But 2006/42/EC adds the following:

  • “including:
    1) machines,
    2) interchangeable equipment,
    3) safety components,
    4) lifting accessories,
    5) chains,
    6) ropes and webbings,
    7) removable mechanical transmission devices, and
    8) partly completed machinery.”

    A Declaration of Incorporation must be provided for “partly completed machinery” as defined in 2006/42/EC, if it is not already CE marked.


The following are excluded from the scope of this Directive:

(a) safety components intended to be used as spare parts to replace identical components and supplied by the manufacturer of the original machinery;
(b) specific equipment for use in fairgrounds and/or amusement parks;
(c) machinery specially designed or put into service for nuclear purposes which, in the event of failure, may result in an emission of radioactivity;
(d) weapons, including firearms;
(e) the following means of transport:

  • agricultural and forestry tractors for the risks covered by Directive 2003/37/EC, with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles,
  • motor vehicles and their trailers covered by Council Directive 70/156/EEC of 6 February 1970 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailers (1), with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles,
  • vehicles covered by Directive 2002/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 March 2002 relating to the type-approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles (2), with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles,
  • motor vehicles exclusively intended for competition, and
  • means of transport by air, on water and on rail networks with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these means of transport.

(f) seagoing vessels and mobile offshore units and machinery installed on board such vessels and/or units;
(g) machinery specially designed and constructed for military or police purposes;
(h) machinery specially designed and constructed for research purposes for temporary use in laboratories;
(i) mine winding gear;
(j) machinery intended to move performers during artistic performances;
(k) electrical and electronic products falling within the following areas, insofar as they are covered by Council Directive 73/23/EEC of 19 February 1973 on the harmonization of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits (3):

  • household appliances intended for domestic use,
  • audio and video equipment,
  • information technology equipment,
  • ordinary office machinery,
  • low-voltage switchgear and control gear,
  • electric motors.

(l) the following types of high-voltage electrical equipment:

  • switch gear and control gear,

Before placing machinery on the market and/or putting it into service, the manufacturer or his authorized representative shall:

  • ensure that it satisfies the relevant essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex I.
  • ensure that the technical file referred to in Annex VII, part A is available.
  • provide the necessary information, such as instructions.
  • carry out the appropriate procedures for assessing conformity in accordance with Article 12.
  • draw up the EC declaration of conformity in accordance with Annex II, part 1, Section A and ensure that it accompanies the machinery.
  • affix the CE marking in accordance with Article 16.